When using the Bibliography-Note style, Turabian offers writers the choice of utilizing footnotes or endnotes.
Utilize the style requested by the course professor. Typically, LCU professors recommend footnotes.
16.3.2 Referencing Numbers:
16.3.4 Spacing and Indentation:
16.3.5 Complex Notes:
When utilizing multiple source in a single instance, group all of the sources together in a single note. List the sources in the order used in the text and separated by semicolons rather than periods.
When citing the same resource in subsequent notes, it is permissible to use a shortened form rather than the entire note.
Use a Shortened Note if the subsequent citations appear on a different page.
When using only one source by an author, an author-only note provides the author's last name and the page number separated by a comma as shown below.
N: Stott, 40.
If using more than one source by an author, an author-title note provides the author's last name, title of the work, and page number separated by commas as shown below.
N: Wright, Surprised by Hope, 30
When using a source that does not have a named author or editor, a title-only note provides a shortened form of the source title and page number separated by a comma as shown below.
N: “Reject Apathy,” 83.
You may use Ibid. if the subsequent citation appears immediately after a citation for the same work and on the same page:
The abbreviation Ibid. is short for the Latin ibidem meaning "in the same place."
Turabian notes this abbreviation should be capitalized and must end with a period but is not italicized as in the footnote below.
N: Ibid., 84.
Footnotes must begin on the page where the material is referenced.
Place a short line or rule between the body of your paper and the first footnote. Most word processors do this automatically.
If a footnote extends to the next page, such as in a complex footnote, mid-sentence is the best place to put the break.