Articles come in a variety of publications and article types and each type requires variations in how the bibliography entry and footnote are constructed. In the examples below, the bibliography entry is listed first followed by the accompanying footnote.
Turabian describes how to cite scholarly journal articles in section 17.2.
Journal article citations included in the bibliography must include the following elements:
This example shows a bibliography citation for a journal article containing both volume and issue number as well as month and year.
B: Stewart, Kenneth J.“Evangelicalism and Patristic Christianity: 1517 to the Present.” Evangelical Quarterly 80, no. 2 (October 2008): 307-321.
This example is for a journal article containing only a volume number as well as season and year.
B: Aponte, Edwin, and Evelyn L. Parker. “Strangers No More: African American and Latinas/os Moving Toward Coalitions as Colleagues.” Perspectivas 12 (Fall 2008): 61-74.
Journal article citations included as footnotes are slightly different from the bibliography citation.
N: Kenneth J. Stewart, “Evangelicalism and Patristic Christianity: 1517 to the Present,” Evangelical Quarterly 80, no. 2 (October 2008): 310.
N: Edwin Aponte and Evelyn L. Parker, “Strangers No More: African American and Latinas/os Moving Toward Coalitions as Colleagues,” Perspectivas 12 (Fall 2008): 70.
This example is for an article found online through one of the library's databases:
B: Ronning, John L. "The Targum of Isaiah and the Johannine Literature." Westminster Theological Journal 69, no. 2 (Fall 2007): 247-278. EBSCOhost ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials.
N: John L. Ronning, “The Targum of Isaiah and the Johannine Literature,” Westminster Theological Journal 69, no. 2 (Fall 2007): 254, EBSCOhost ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials.
This example is for an online journal article found through one of the library's journal databases that has a DOI.
Note: When using a DOI insert the text http://dx.doi.org/ before the DOI number.
B: Kelemen, Katalin, and Märta C. Johansson. "Still Neglecting the Demand that Fuels Human Trafficking: A Study Comparing the Criminal Laws and Practice of Five European States on Human Trafficking, Purchasing Sex from Trafficked Adults and from Minors." European Journal Of Crime, Criminal Law & Criminal Justice 21, no. 3/4 (July 2013): 247-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718174-21042030.
N: Katalin Kelemen and Märta C. Johansson, "Still Neglecting the Demand that Fuels Human Trafficking: A Study Comparing the Criminal Laws and Practice of Five European States on Human Trafficking, Purchasing Sex from Trafficked Adults and from Minors," European Journal Of Crime, Criminal Law & Criminal Justice 21, no. 3/4 (July 2013): 247-289, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718174-21042030.
This example is for an article found in an online journal such as a journal only found online or an article posted to the author's website.
B: Lederleitner, Mary Mallon. “Perspective Transformation: Application for Mission Curriculum in Churches.” Common Ground Journal 5, no. 2 (Spring 2008): 33-43. http://www.commongroundjournal.org/volnum/v05n02.pdf.
N: Mary Mallon Lederleitner, “Perspective Transformation: Application for Mission Curriculum in Churches,” Common Ground Journal 5, no. 2 (Spring 2008): 37, http://www.commongroundjournal.org/volnum/v05n02.pdf.
A magazine contains brief articles and focuses on current events and news. Magazine articles are more likely to be written by journalists and not have bibliographic citations. For more information on the difference between scholarly journal articles and magazine articles, please refer to the Scholarly Article guide listed below.
Turabian describes how to cite magazine articles in 17.3. The primary difference between citing journals and magazines is that weekly or monthly magazines are cited by date even if volume and issue number are available.
Cite magazines by date only. The date appears in month day (when available), year format. There is no comma between month and day. When a day is not available no comma is needed between the month and year.
B: Jackson, Chris. “Launching a Church Outward.” Ministry Today, November/December 2008.
Page numbers should be included in a footnote. Use a comma to separate the page number from the publication date. Turabian indicates the page number may be omitted from the bibliography entry.
N: Chris Jackson, “Launching a Church Outward,” Ministry Today, November/December 2008, 63.
When an author's name is not given, Turabian indicates the citation should begin with the article title as in the following example.
B: “Reject Apathy: Embracing Justice the Right Way.” Relevant, May/June 2010.
N: “Reject Apathy: Embracing Justice the Right Way,” Relevant, May/June 2010, 82.
For magazine articles found online, add the database name and provider, or URL, to the citation.
B: Morgan, Timothy C., and Isaac Phiri. "Hunger Isn't History." Christianity Today, November 2008. EBSCOhost Academic Search Complete.
N: Timothy C. Morgan and Isaac Phiri, “Hunger Isn’t History,” Christianity Today, November 2008, 31, EBSCOhost Academic Search Complete.
Turabian indicates newspaper articles should be cited only as a footnote unless the article forms a substantial or critical part of the argument. If uncertain whether an item is a critical part of the argument, the safest decision is to include the item in the bibliography.
A newspaper article should be cited in the same format as a magazine article but does not include the page number.
For newspaper articles found online, include the URL, or database name and provider, and date accessed as in the example below.
B: Chick, Kirsten. “How Bad is Gulf Oil Spill? A Global Q&A on Offshore Oil Spills.” Christian Science Monitor, May 24, 2010. EBSCOhost Newspaper Source.
N: Kristen Chick, “How Bad is Gulf Oil Spill? A Global Q&A on Offshore Oil Spills,” Christian Science Monitor, May 24, 2010, EBSCOhost Newspaper Source.
In section 17.4.3 Turabian recommends citing newspaper articles by weaving citation elements into the text instead of using a note. Minimally include the name and date of the paper and article author as indicated in the example below.
In an article in the May 24, 210 Christian Science Monitor, Kirsten Chick indicates the gulf oil spill . . .
Book and performance reviews appear in a variety of publications. Turabian indicates they should be cited only in a footnote unless the review is crucial to the argument. If uncertain a review is crucial, the safest decision is to include the item in the bibliography.
The following components should be included in a footnote for a review:
This example is for a review in a journal. Note the title in this example ends in a question mark. Turabian notes that no punctuation should appear after a title ending in a question mark or exclamation mark.
B: Irvine, Suzanne. Review of Mend the Gap: Can the Church Reconnect the Generations? by Jason Gardner, Journal of Education & Christian Belief 12, no. 2 (Autumn 2008).
N: Suzanne Irvine, review of Mend the Gap: Can the Church Reconnect the Generations? by Jason Gardner, Journal of Education & Christian Belief 12, no. 2 (Autumn 2008): 183.
Turabian indicates you must always include the full publication information in addition to the URL. Turabian states to use the full URL when citing personal websites. However, when using commercial databases such as those provided by the Jessie C. Eury Library, there are three possible options for providing the URL.
1. If a commercial database lists a recommended permanent URL for the source, use the permanent URL. Permanent URLs are available in EBSCOhost journal databases.
2. If a commercial database lists a DOI (Digital Object Identifier), Turabian indicates to use it as a DOI provides a more stable and permanent URL and is the best option.
3. If no permanent URL or DOI exists, Turabian indicates it is permissible to use the name of the database being used.
Turabian indicates to include access dates only for those items where a publication date, posting date, or last modified date is not available. In those cases the access date is used in place of a publication date. Turabian does note that instructors may require an access date be used and recommends recording access dates "just in case."
Note: Do not include the database information and access date when the articles is not available in full text. This information is not needed when a citation is found through a database and the actual article is found in the library or ordered via interlibrary loan.