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Turabian 9 Notes-Bibliography Style

For the most part, the Bible should not be included in a bibliography.  However, as always, consult with the professor.

17.8.2 Footnotes or Endnotes

The Bible should be cited in footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical notes. Regardless of format, indicate which version is being used in the first citation.

If using footnotes or endnotes indicate the version by using its abbreviation or spelling out the version immediately following the passage citation as indicated below.

1. 1  Tim 1:3 (ESV).

2. 1 Tim 1:3 (English Standard Version)

If using parenthetical notes (described in 16.4.3), provide a footnote containing full bibliographical information for the first use and any time a new version is used.

This is an example of a footnote for the NIV.

3. Carson, D.A., ed. NIV Zondervan Study Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015.

Subsequent citations of the same Bible version, do not need to include an indication of the version.  However, when using a different version, indicate the new version in a footnote.

24.6 Abbreviation

Turabian indicates two options for abbreviating the names of books of the Bible in section 24.6, the traditional abbreviation and the shorter abbreviation.  Lincoln Christian University requires traditional abbreviations. For example, abbreviate Genesis as Gen. and 1st Corinthians as 1 Cor. Note that book numbers are indicated using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3)  Arabic numbers are also used to indicate chapters and verses with a colon between.

Turabian provides a list of abbreviations for Bible version in section 24.6.4.  This list does not contain the New International Version or English Standard Version which are both commonly used at Lincoln Christian University campus.  The recommended abbreviations for these Bible versions are NIV and ESV.