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Turabian 9 Author-Date Style

Pros and Cons of Citation Generators

Numerous databases, library catalogs,and other resources will provide a sample citation for a selected item. This is a very useful option but can also be a source of frustration. 


Lincoln Christian University strongly advises students to exercise caution when utilizing these citations and to very carefully check that the citation matches the Turabian style as outlined in A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations and as outlined in this guide.

The final responsibility for an accurate citation rests on the shoulders of the individual student as the paper's author. Professors will not accept the excuse "That's what the computer said." 

Watch for the following areas of concern when utilizing citation generators:

  • Each of the citation generators provides a note reminding students to carefully check citations. 
  • Not all citation generators offer Turabian Author-Date, also known as Chicago Author-Date style as an option.  Some citation generators do not reference the 9th edition of Turabian or the 17th edition of Chicago but continue to reference an earlier version.
  • When copying the citation from the generator to a paper, the word processing program utilized will change the spacing and indents.
  • Double-check that the capitalization matches the Turabian style.  The generator is simply rearranging the data into the appropriate order but is unable to adapt the capitalization which may be in headline style, sentence style, or even all capitals.
  • The citation generator will not incorporate any changes and requirements used by Lincoln Christian University or a specific professor.
  • Citation generators typically only create a bibliography entry and not a footnote.

Given these concerns, some individuals may feel it is easier to edit the citation produced by a citation generator than to create their own citation.

Library Catalog

In the library catalog and I-Share catalog, an option to Cite This appears above and below the item record.

Additional Options including Cite This

Cite This provide an example citation. 

Note: Citations provided for ebooks and electronic resources, such as audio sermons, will require significant modification.

WorldCat Discovery

Click on the down arrow in the upper right of the item record and select Cite Record

Click on the down arrow to select a citation style.

Turabian Author-Date Citation style


When viewing an individual record, click Cite to the right underneath Tools. 

While viewing a specific article record, click Cite, located to the right underneath the heading Tools.

A  screen will appear listing a variety of citation styles. Scroll to the citation style of your choice.

Citations formats available in EBSCOhost.